English section -TSP MUNI

English section

V ostrém testu naleznete anglickou sekci nejspíše úplně na konci. Tento oddíl má dvě specifika: zaprvé, což vás asi nepřekvapí, se jedná o úlohy se zadáním v angličtině, a zadruhé, jednotlivé příklady jsou obdobné těm, se kterými jste se mohli setkat již v předchozích oddílech. Najdete zde tedy úlohy z předchozích šesti oddílů, pouze v angličtině.

Strategie

Dobře si rozmyslete, jestli se úlohám v angličtině budete v TSP věnovat. Obtížnost řešení by se normálně nelišila od zbytku úloh v testu, ale jazyková bariéra jim na obtížnosti přidává. Pokud máte problémy například s úlohami numerického myšlení, dá se předpokládat, že jejich obdoba v angličtině pro vás nebude o nic jednodušší. Anglické sekci se budete muset věnovat, pokud výrazně zaostáváte v jiném oddílu nebo pokud k přijetí potřebujete vysoký percentil. Určitě si z nich ale vybírejte ty, které vám připadají jednodušší. Také doporučujeme nechat si úlohy z této sekce až úplně na konec. Ujistěte se, že je vám jasný význam všech slov v následujícím slovníčku. Ten obsahuje často se opakující klíčová slova. I když s nimi určitě nevystačíte, pouštět se do anglické sekce bez jejich znalosti asi ani nemá význam.

Úlohy - English section

TSP English section otázka ID 1890

There are two expressions:
5 _ 9 _ 2 = 12
and
6 _ 2 _ 3 = 1
Decide what combination of symbols +, –, ·, : can be used to get correct results.


TSP English section otázka ID 1889

Decide which proverb fits the situation or problem stated below the most.
Jacob signed up for another project despite the fact that he can’t finish his own project in time.


TSP English section otázka ID 1498

A deadly animal virus that causes fevers, abdominal pain, vomiting, bleeding gums, skin rash and pain behind the eyes can now spread between people, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) announced Monday (Nov. 16).

Until now, there had been only one confirmed case of Chapare virus, an Ebola­­‑like illness that turned up in the rural Bolivian province of Chapare in 2004 and then disappeared. But in 2019, at least five more people caught the bug, according to research now made public. The virus spread from person to person through bodily fluids in a region near Bolivia’s capital city of La Paz, killing three people. There are no active outbreaks of Chapare in 2020, and even in the event of further outbreaks the virus would be unlikely to cause a pandemic, according to virus experts.

Source: Livescience.com, 2020, „Deadly hemorrhagic fever in Bolivia can spread between people“ (https://www.livescience.com/chapare­‑virus­‑human­‑transmission.htm)

Based on the information in the text, decide which of the following statements is false:


TSP English section otázka ID 1497

On Oct. 26, a healthy baby girl was born from an embryo that had been frozen for 27 years, a possible record for the longest a human embryo has stayed frozen before being born, according to recent news reports.

Molly Everette Gibson was born from an embryo frozen in 1992 and stored in a cryogenic (ultra­‑cold) freezer in the Midwest, according to The Washington Post. In 2012, the embryo was packed into a liquid nitrogen shipping container and sent to an embryo adoption facility; in February of this year, the embryo was implanted into now 29-year­‑old Tina Gibson’s uterus, who was herself only one year old when the embryo was frozen.

Source: Livescience.com, 2020, „How long can human embryos stay frozen?“ (https://www.livescience.com/how­‑long­‑can­‑embryos­‑stay­‑frozen.html)

What happened in 2012?


TSP English section otázka ID 1496

On Oct. 26, a healthy baby girl was born from an embryo that had been frozen for 27 years, a possible record for the longest a human embryo has stayed frozen before being born, according to recent news reports.

Molly Everette Gibson was born from an embryo frozen in 1992 and stored in a cryogenic (ultra­‑cold) freezer in the Midwest, according to The Washington Post. In 2012, the embryo was packed into a liquid nitrogen shipping container and sent to an embryo adoption facility; in February of this year, the embryo was implanted into now 29-year­‑old Tina Gibson’s uterus, who was herself only one year old when the embryo was frozen.

Source: Livescience.com, 2020, „How long can human embryos stay frozen?“ (https://www.livescience.com/how­‑long­‑can­‑embryos­‑stay­‑frozen.html)

How old was Tina Gibson when the embryo was frozen?


TSP English section otázka ID 1494

A nine­‑armed octopus caught off Japan’s coast nearly ended up being dinner, until the family preparing it noticed its extra limb and sent it to a museum instead, according to news sources.

While unusual, this extra appendage – which wasn’t fully formed, but a small offshoot on a regular arm – isn’t unheard of in octopuses, said Michael Vecchione, an invertebrate zoologist at the Smithsonian’s National Museum of Natural History in Washington, D.C., who was not involved with this octopus’s discovery.

Octopuses are capable of regenerating their arms, but „sometimes regeneration doesn’t work quite right,“ Vecchione told Live Science. „If an arm gets damaged, it might regenerate wrong; it could wind up with extra tissue growing out, and that extra tissue could turn into an arm.“

Source: Livescience.com, 2020, „Rare 9-armed octopus found off Japan coast“ (https://www.livescience.com/octopus­‑grows­‑nine­‑arms.html)

Based on the information in the text, decide which of the following statements is false:


TSP English section otázka ID 1492

Sea level rise is not a new phenomenon. For much of the 20th century, the global mean sea level has been inching upward – about 0,05 inches (1,4 millimeters) per year, according to the United Nations‘ Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. Global mean sea level is an average of all the seas covering the Earth. But during the last two decades, the rate has more than doubled. From 2005 to 2015, sea levels rose by 0,1 inches (3,6 mm) per year.

Many places are experiencing a rise as the global mean rises, but in a few places sea level is falling, said Jacky Austermann, an assistant professor of Earth and environmental sciences at Columbia University’s Lamont­‑Doherty Earth Observatory in New York. „There’s not a place that’s immune from sea level change,“ Austermann told Live Science.

Source: Livescience.com, 2020, „How will sea levels change with climate change?“ (https://www.livescience.com/where­‑sea­‑levels­‑are­‑changing.html)

What is a global mean sea level?


TSP English section otázka ID 1490

NASA’s Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter captured an image of China’s Chang‘e 5 lander on the moon just hours after its historic landing. The Chang‘e 5 lander set down on the lunar surface last Tuesday, Dec. 1. Thanks to China’s prompt release of the stunning Chang‘e 5 landing video, the Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter Camera (LROC) team were able to locate the roughly 4–ton spacecraft in Oceanus Procellarum, the „Ocean of Storms,“ and prepare for when LRO would pass overhead the next day. The image shows the Chang‘e 5 lander in the center of three craters. Automated systems had helped the spacecraft avoid these hazards to land safely. The relatively flat area near the Chang‘e 5 lander was created by basaltic lavas. While over a billion years old, this unit of basalt is thought to be much younger than the Apollo landing areas, which are aged at over 3 billion years. Samples are therefore of great interest to scientists, who want to know why this region was volcanically active much more recently than most other places on the moon. The image was taken before the Chang‘e 5 ascent vehicle blasted off from the surface with the collected samples. The ascent vehicle has since performed a spectacular rendezvous and docking with the Chang‘e 5 orbiter and handed over the samples. Chang‘e 5 will begin its journey to Earth later this week.

Zdroj: Livescience.com, 2020, „NASA’s spacecraft spots China’s Chang‘e 5 lander on the moon“, https://www.livescience.com/change–5–moon–lander–photo–lunar–reconnaissance–orbiter.html

Based on the information in the text, decide which of the following statements is true:


TSP English section otázka ID 1488

Four excavators get rid of two tons of mud in 2,5 hours. How long does it take seven excavators to get rid of five tons of mud?


TSP English section otázka ID 1487

Three people (Adam, Ben and Charles) smoke three different brands of cigarettes (Petra, Camel, Sparta) and drink different types of alcohol (beer, wine, liquor). We know that:

  • Ben drinks liquor.
  • The one who drinks wine smokes Sparta.
  • Charles smokes Camel.

Which one of the following statements is true?


1 [2] 3 4
Odběr novinek = Testy zdarma

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